Why do I believe when not believing has never been easier or more socially acceptable?

Is the Bible enough for me?

Do I stand on biblical traditions and traditions as laid out over the last two thousand years or should I abandon them and stand with cultural trends?

Should I demand that a church or individual that moves from Biblical tradition and stands on modern, cultural moral and ethical standards explain why the church has had it wrong for so long and why they believe they have it right?

Is the time right to consider reconciling Catholic and Protestants traditions in some form?

What is my church doing wrong?

What am I doing wrong as a Christian?

Am I willing to face persecution?

Am I willing to help those who are facing persecution?

Am I judging others hypocritically of my own sinful nature or discerning right from wrong?

How heavy is my cross today… This week… This month?

How heavy is my neighbors cross? Can I help them to shoulder the weight?

How much of Jesus Christ do people see in my actions? This does not mean people will like you better because you are being nicer. In fact this may mean you will be hated more intensely than ever before!

Am I praying MY will be done, or Your will be done?

Do I really take comfort from the rest in our lord Jesus Christ?

To whom have I ministered this week?

Have I given up on listening for the voice of God because his voice seems to long in coming? Remember Abraham and his long wait. Remember Joseph and his years servitude.

To say that Christina persecution in the west, in America as Christians are forced out of business for their faith based stance on gay marriage is perhaps too far, yes. There was never a promise that the faithful would be free to be successful in business. This was true for Rome and it is true for America today. And to claim that persecution in America is equivalent to persecution of Christians in the Middle East is grossly improper as our faithful brothers and sisters there face death. However it is absolutely true to say that the decline of Christianity in the public sphere, the removal of Christianity from public spaces and the growth of hostility directed against Christians precipitated the emergence of groups like ISIS whose goal is the extermination of Western ideals. ISIS, and groups like them understand better than we in the west do that western thought IS Christian thought, that Western ideals are Christian’s ideals. They understand that making war against the west is to make war against Christianity. It is we of the west who have lost sight of this.

There was a time our Christian ideals, though often times misplaced and poorly executed were a bulwark against evil in the world. You see, Christianity has no room for moral relativism, for ego or for self-interest, and especially no room for hate. It was Christian idealism that abolished slavery, that ended child labor, that drove charity for the homeless and the ill, that built hospitals, that gave women the right to vote, that ended segregation, that led us to go to war against the evils of German fascism and Soviet Communism.

In the absence of Christian idealism evil doesn’t abate; it grows. There is little wonder then that as Christianity declines in America, the great world superpower, evil grows anew and moves from its old hiding places spreading out globally.

Some may argue that secular idealism is well suited to replace Christian ideals. They would be tragically wrong. First of all, secular or humanistic idealism places man at the center of morality and as such is not only open to self-interest but is inherently motivated by self-interest. It denies any wrong that does not do wrong to whatever self-interest goal is in fashion and because it is not grounded in tradition it is dependent on not being challenged. Because its existence cannot be challenged it must seek to destroy those things that are opposed to it. It does not challenge Islam because Islam is at this stage a remote threat from far away. But Christianity is an immediate threat and must be squashed. Thus we see prayer in schools denied, public displays of faith, even in historical contexts prevented, and hate based groups like Freedom From Religion Foundation stalking the shadows, looking for poor, rural communities of visible faith to pounce upon.

Europe fosters absolute moral relativism…

        European economy declines

        Former Soviet Union reasserts old communist goals of regional hegemony

        Muslims emerge as significant immigration population

        Terrorism spreads

        Jews are marginalized

        Refugees are found murdered by the truck load

        Dead children wash up on beaches like our own damnation coming back home

Precipitating these tragedies is the decline of Christianity across Europe, the closure of countless churches (closed to do low attendance, taken over by the state, bought by Islamic groups to be used as mosques  or turned into tourist attractions where naysaying secular spectators outnumber the gathered faithful).

As Europe goes, so goes America. Men of GOD fled the old world to make a better new world. Now we retrace their footsteps in the rush of madmen, desperate to return to the bosom of a desiccated mother. This is not an alarmist diatribe or a clever piece of propaganda. It is a simple matter of looking at the patterns, of seeing what has happened before, how it transpired and understanding the signs of the times.

All cultures fail… All nations come to an end… To everything there is a season…  Only GOD is eternal and only his truth stays the course.

I mourn today because as a nation America is dead. A city on a hill, whose light cannot be hid is now dark with the death that is the fruit of smug, self-satisfied emptiness. The promise of a nation has become the albatross hung around our necks. I mourn for my nation today because we are adrift on a sea of ice and cold and frozen hopes, all of us ghosts, shadows of what could have been, of what we were meant to be.

I mourn today for my nation…

Marriage redefined

Christians forced out of business or arrested

Violence on our streets running red with blood

Blame. Blame. Blame. Always blame the other guy; never, never ever I.

And Satan himself sits on a bronze throne in a dead city here in America.

We celebrate the darkness, beg to dance with devils! Like Rome in its decline we gorge ourselves on the spectacle, like blind children running to the Devils own Carnival.

There was a movie and in that movie was a song of victory sung by the Devil, for in that film we let him win. The song goes…

Once upon a time
Heaven was a tower, tower
Tethered in its pride
Cast us grapes as sour, sour
Thought the ink was dried
But Hellish gardens flowered
Ivy to be climbed
Spread my filth, my wings, my weeds, my weeds

Indeed, indeed and sorrowful was the deed. It began in a garden, our sinful folly. We built for ourselves a city on a hill, perhaps to much of ourselves and to little of GOD did we infuse the brick and mortar. Two hundred years we grew proud, grew in the thickness of our own self interest, assuming that what was good for American, that what was Democracy, MUST, MUST, MUST be of God, then we let it become our god. We choked on it, vomited out the offending offal and from it Hellish Gardens flowered.

My fairest wheels are turning


There once was a man who had lived on a farm his whole life. The farm had been in the man’s family for many generations, having been built by his great, great grandfather. Over the years many changes had been made both to the farm house and to the farmland.

When large working farms became less popular plots of land were sold off for new houses meant for young couples leaving the city. This made the farmland smaller over the years, but the house seemed to grow with each new child to be born, and over through those long generations there were many children, though truth to tell, not as many lately as there once were.

Electricity was added, thanks to Mr. Edison’s invention and this helped to chase away the darkness. It also made it possible for refrigeration which made the cellar obsolete allowing that underground space to become a workshop first and finally a last resting place for the treasures no longer valued enough to be forgot in the attic. Phonographs were brought in, then radio, then television and finally satellite TV, a gift from a well-meaning but wayward daughter. The old wood floor, hand hewn and polished by caring hands was covered with carpet, then many years later the carpet was removed so the old worn floor could be seen again.

People came and went as their lives intersected on that old farmstead. But there was one thing that was always constant. That wonderful old well.

That wonderful old well was dug by hand many years before because it was needed. Water was life you understand and a good well, one that would not run dry was a matter of life and death. This wonderful old well was dug deep and it was lined with stones and the water was always cool and fresh. Even though running water had made its way to the house a long time ago people still drank from that well because it was old perhaps, and old things are novel. But also because it was dug with love and because it refreshed in a way the chlorinated, filtered city water never could.  There was a purity to the water that was drawn from that old well, a purity that reminded people of things that were vanishing with the time.

Now, so I heard the story, one bright and sunny day, the old man who had walked to that well almost every day for his 67 years saw something he had never noticed before. As he peered down into the deep well to lower his bucket, he saw the sky reflected in the still, deep water below and he understood that heaven is in the well…

Heaven is in the well… What does this mean? The old man stood, staring, awestruck and his life was changed in the sort of way that promises to change the lives of others further down the line. This old man, always a Christian, the way too many Americans are Christians. Which is to say an easy sort of faith that doesn’t ask for much and doesn’t make too many demands, knew he had to tell people about this strange epiphany and he did. First his friends, then his neighbors, soon everyone he encountered heard the story of that wonderful old well. Most were amused, some were bothered and annoyed, many ignored it altogether but there were some, a precious few who in that story saw for themselves that heaven is in the well an in a small way this old man saved the lives of dozens of people who went on to save the lives of dozens more. You see, when a well is dug deep and the water is pure within it never really runs dry.

Beloved; our faith should be like that well, one dug deep in the traditions laid out by the church fathers of old be they catholic or protestant, and in honest doctrines but also the faith of simple believers, of hymn singing and camp meetings, of Sunday sermons on hot summer days and in the prayers of children beside their beds at night. There is nothing wrong with changes, with new things or even new ways, just as there was nothing wrong with the old farmhouse changing throughout the years. But there is something terribly wrong when we are so eager to ignore the traditions that brought us to where we are. There is something tragic when we lose sight of that wonderful old well.

Questions to think about:

  • Why do wells as a symbol matter (consider Christian faith, but also other religions and folkways)?
  • What is an experience you have had in which you found yourself drawing wisdom from old, traditional sources?
  • What in your life might be improved by reaching back to a simpler time?
  • Can a theology be valid if it rests on the supposition that new thought should supersedes old thought?
  • How did Jesus use wells (or other communal bodies of water) in his ministry?

It was in wisdom that God gave us the Bible as a series of separate but unified books delivered at different times and to different people. A single wholly created sacred text would be to easily isolate to a single space and time, speaking perhaps to one group of people but hardly to other contemporary people and certainly not to later generations removed by years. Consider the book of Leviticus. If that were a whole sacred book what use would it be to anyone outside of the Jewish community of antiquity. So it is with the book of Ruth or Joshua. But taken in a divine unity we understand that even as a particular book does not speak for us it can and should speak to us, inform us and influence us. Thus Lamentations, the law book of ancient Israel gives us a foundation to understand the New Testament fulfilment of the law in Jesus Christ. Further we see in Lamentations governing rules for a wayward people we can only understand when we have read and understand Exodus and by reading Genesis we know that this wayward people, the Jews are not an isolated people but are inheritors of the fall from grace in the garden. This tells us that while the Jews were a people set apart they are a part of something more. A part that we see reconciled back to the whole race of man through Jesus Christ.

There are two ways to consider this rather complicated thought process. Some argue that the Bible was written for us but not to us. I agree but also see no conflict with the alternative that says the bible was written to us, and for us, but not to of for us exclusively. It is a mistake to believe the Bible’s purpose was to tell a story only to one group of people at one place in time and geography and that the best we can claim is that those truths have been passed down to us as if the jeweled truths within the Bible were leftovers from past inhabitants of our house. No, I say. The truths of the bible are fresh and new, speaking to and for our religious ancestors in Israel even as they speak fresh and new to and for believers today. As the Gospel of John says, and I will paraphrase from multiple translations…

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He, being Jesus Christ was with God in the beginning and all things were made through Him. In Him (Jesus Christ) was life and that life was the light of mankind.

This is a testament to the ever presence of our lord Jesus Christ, pre-eminent of all things. If this were the sum of Christ’s being then we could easily enough relegate even Him to a single place in time. But we are told in John 14…

You will know that I am in my father, and you are in me, and I am in you. This is the indwelling of Jesus Christ. The “Word” that was at the beginning indwells in each of us, making us each a part of the story and because we are each made part of the story just as we are grafted onto the living tree, so the story transcends time and place, speaking both to the past and to the present, to the Jew and the Gentile alike, equally though differently.

It is this timeless appeal that has made the Bible enduring and that has allowed the truths within to spread around the world and unto every generation remarkably intact with only minor textual errors. In fact a person reading the gospel of John or Romans today would read the same words our 1st century forebears read. The only difference being how we might interpret those words. We might argue over the exact meaning of this or that word, or debate context but the honest scholar will be forced to admit the Bible, as a work of ancient literature remains intact and largely unaltered.

In other words, it says what it says today because it said it in the past.

The meaning however is often left to us and this is a good thing, it is through Jesus Christ alone that we have faith, but it is through argument and debate with ourselves, with the text and with others both friendly brothers in the faith and others outside the faith with whom we disagree and with hostile forces outside the faith with whom we are tempered. In is this way our faith might be better tested just as Job was tested in his arguing with God, or Abraham was tested in arguing with God.

We are people of the book, the gospel is not only the story of what once happened, but what is still happening. We are in a sense the fifth gospel author Ian Caldwell speaks of. The truths in the Bible may seem to be far removed from our modern problems and concerns but the reality, if we understand it properly is this… We are all part of the fallen race of Adam, inheriting his fall from grace even as we continue to enact his fall in our own lives. This is what it means to live under Adam’s sin. Not that we are guilty because once, long ago, one man sinned. But because through that one sin, sin entered the world and each of us respond to it. The child of a war torn country might seek peace, but his heart is bent to the motions of conflict. The child of abuse may desire safety, but he must live in his world, not the world he would like to live in. We sin because we each desire to embrace the illusion of absolute freedom and moral autonomy that was the promise made long ago by the serpent, real or metaphorical it doesn’t really matter. If any one of us were there, we would each choose to do exactly what Adam chose to do thus as the old saying goes, as Adam sinned, so sinned we all. And this brings me to a closing thought. Because sin entered the world, and it is sin from which Jesus Christ saves us then we must understand properly that the Bible is the story of that journey through sin into the embrace of our savior Jesus Christ. Samson, Ruth, Joshua, Job, Abraham, Lot, Abimelech, Paul, Peter, Mary, each of them, the good and the bad are participants in a story that means something. You and I are a part of that story as well. It speaks to us and for us just as it spoke to them. Mary, when confronted with her miraculous pregnancy could embrace the promises of the Old Testament. Paul could be empowered to proclaim the new gospel because he found the in the Old Testament foundational truths. Abraham pointed to Jesus, and Jesus pointed back to Abraham even as he pointed to the heart of Peter or John, and even as he points to my heart and your heart today.

There are, among the new Millennial’s, liberal Christians, and spiritual but unaffiliated, trends that seek to find God in nature, that the outdoors, that nature is their church. They mingle faith with environmentalism, and salvation with conservation in ways that are simply incorrect. They confuse one very important precept…

God reveals himself through creation, but he is not revealed as his creation.

To claim that God can be known in his creation is akin to saying the artist exists, at least in part in his artwork.  Now while it is true the artist places a great deal of his emotion and passion and creative energy into his creation, it is only waxing poetic to claim you can ever know the artist in his creation.

We only glimpse aspects of Gods creative power and see hints of his design work, but nothing in nature reveals God. God is revealed in only two ways, through the knowledge of Jesus Christ and through the word of God in the Bible.

Let me put it this way… Entomologists can identify the spider by looking only at the web, and once the spider is identified they can then detail the behavior of the spider. But only because they first know the spider through direct observation. A spider that is unknown will leave a web that reveals very little of the Spider, until we know the spider directly. So it is with God. We can look at Creation and detail who God is, but only because we first knew God through the Bible and to Christians, through Jesus Christ. To cultures without this prior knowledge nature only reveals mysteries or in the case of atheism, it reveals only abstract clues. Therefore to know God nature is an imperfect, flawed teacher. This is not to say God created something that was imperfect but rather nature, like Man was subject to the fall and is thus in a state needing redemption.  To look at nature and claim to know God is like looking at a sinner and claiming to know Gods grace.

In truth, to those who make such claims they are looking for easy answers. They do not want to meet god in a church or through the Bible because they do not really wish to be confronted with Gods glory at all.  Nature, even the wildest parts of it is tame and welcoming by comparison. God does not exist within a lightening bolt, nor does he hurl them willy-nilly down upon mortals so the lightening bolt tells us very little of God. God is the vast, bubbling cauldron from which all the energy of the cosmos emerges, creating stars by the billions, condensing them into stardust, forging them down from giant solar giants ever smaller, tighter until at last the bolt of lightening is thrust from the clouds. There is a certain pagan quality to this, a sort of animistic ideal but make no mistake, God is not abstract, he is intelligent.

“I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith”.

                                                                                        2 Timothy4:7

  Faith is believing the truth, trusting in the source of all truth and accepting the truth when we see it. Faith is rejoicing in the truth when we grasp hold of it and spreading the truth when and where we can no matter the cost and make no mistake the cost can be dear.  Faith is active, never passive. Faith relies upon discernment and discernment demands wisdom. To be in truth is to be immersed in a faith that is itself a inward expression of what we perceive of nature both outer nature and our own inner natures through the faculties God has given us and like any faculty if not used often and healthily can diminish and decay. To be fully in faith and truth is to be what the ancients called righteousness.  Today we may say we have faith but do we really see the truth? When we see the truth do we really trust what we see through faith? Can you or I right now claim that we are walking in the way of the righteous? If salt that has lost it’s flavor is, as the gospel of Matthew says, no longer good for anything but to be trampled underfoot then what of a faith that has lost, or never had its center rooted firmly in the truth? A better translation of Matthew is salt that lost it’s saltiness, or salt that is no longer true to it’s nature. So what then of faith that lost its faithfulness to the truth? Such faith is indeed blind, as blind as a man with a light hidden under a bowl giving light to no one. Such faithless faith is a dim echo of a much greater outer darkness that begins in our own hearts.      – Candlewycke

  The question of faith is a bridge that unites and divides the atheist and the believer in ways they may never fully understand. Neither give it as much thought as they should, and both, when thinking about it think of it in flawed, awkward and mistaken terms because faith has become so easily taken for granted that most never bother to look to the Bible to see what it actually means. It has become too easy to blindly or ignorantly accept doctrinal creeds or to reject those of faith as foolish rustics, quaint in their reliance on belief in the invisible supernatural. On the other hand to believers faith is so perfectly natural, even when flawed that they fail to see how weak their own faith might be or for that matter what they put their faith in to begin with. The term Christian itself is often confused as being synonymous with faith. But being of a faith is not the same thing as having faith. Trust is the key…

  The atheist claims they would believe if only God offered some proof, something visible they could see or touch or directly experience. This is mistaken on many levels. First of all one can never directly experience in physical terms what a relationship means.  The proof of any relationship is seen only in the impact to those involved, how they are changed and how they use that change within themselves.  So the atheist who seeks proof is in reality only reasoning away their own disbelief.

  For the rare atheist who might actually come to a place of belief if only there were to be some tangible evidence offered up we have but to look at the world around us. I do not mean some metaphysical idea about the world, but the world we live in right here, right now.

  If a stranger were to approach and warn you that that a fire is burning hotly just over the hill, just beyond the range of your eyesight you may or may not believe him. Perhaps he is crazy, or mistaken. You refuse to believe if you do not see for yourself so you walk forward. Soon someone else approaches and gives the same warning, this time it is a person you work with and trust enough to share in the success of your company. Still you are free to disbelieve their warning. And so you continue forward. You have no way of knowing if your decision is grounded in the strength of your disbelief, or as you might call it your logic, or if your decision is one of ignorance born of your refusal to believe. As you walk onward someone else approaches. This time it is a park ranger, surely you can trust him. The same warning is given so what does the disbeliever do? Many atheists will continue on, refusing to believe even someone who could be called an expert all because they refuse to accept even the possibility of what they do not see for themselves. Soon others come and go, strangers and friends, people of high education and people of simple wisdom, people you trust in other areas of your life, people who do your taxes and who work for you, and with you and for whom you work, police officers and professors. And they all give the same warning. Of course other’s come and go as well, other atheists who will say there is no fire because they have not seen it. Have they been over that hill for themselves? They will admit they have not, but then again they have never felt a reason to go over the hill.

  By the early 20th century logic was quickly replacing morality as a cardinal virtue to such a degree that anything that did not squarely fit in what was said to be secular logic or scientific logic was relegated to the nursery. The Bible stories at best were accused of being harmless fairy tale and at worst the delusions of religious insanity that had no role in civic discourse.  Beginning with the end of WW1* new Atheism gained an air of respectability unknown before in American history. The new vogue in intellectual circles was atheism that manifested in two ways. First was the ambivalent atheist or what is better termed the agnostic?  These are the people who simply don’t give religion much thought but when they do they resort to pure logic and deny the spiritual realm. The second are those who actively find ways to subvert religion, who operate from a position of animosity concealed behind a veil of false intellectual honesty. Christopher Hitchens, and Richard Dawkins are two of the most prominent modern names, but the modern front for the militant atheist is the internet where brief sound bites, tweets, and the ability to spend a great deal of time immersing oneself in self-confirming facts without actually being confronted with meaningful intellectual dialogue.  The rise of atheism of the latter part of the 20th century owes itself to the internet chat room.  Here we find tired arguments that have been oft refuted regurgitated over and over again so that it becomes easy to not believe despite evidence that lends credence to belief. It is easy to support your own beliefs when your facts come from the echo chamber. But this is not itself a new phenomenon. In Evelyn Waugh’s masterwork “Brideshead Revisited” the theme of religion is front and center, but it is handled in ways that are unique. In it two men, lifelong friend’s agnostic Charles and troubled Christian Sebastian provide vehicles for the exploration of religion and faith. One passage is especially interesting.

“Sebastian’s faith was an enigma to me at that time, but not one which I felt particularly concerned to solve. The view implicit in my education was that the basic narrative of Christianity had long been exposed as a myth, and that opinion was now divided as to whether its ethical teaching was of any present value, a division in which the main weight went against it; religion was a hobby which some people professed and others not at the best it was slightly ornamental, at the worst it was the province of “complexes” and “inhibitions” – catchwords of the decade- and of intolerance, hypocrisy, and sheer stupidity attributed to it for centuries. No one had ever suggested to me that these quaint observances expressed a coherent philosophic system, and intransigent historical claims; nor, had they done so, would I have been much interested.


   The last line is of great importance. “nor, had they done so, would I have been much interested.” This shows the blind reliance of logic that leads so many even today to reject even the truth because such a truth is of in interest to what they already claim to believe. And where does this reliance on logic come from? As Charles said above, “The view implicit in my education”. The question then becomes simply what is such an education? I profess an equally simple answer.  It is the education founded upon antagonism against anything that restricts radical autonomy. To put it another way it is the indoctrination into a system of belief that posits the self, the individual represents the only that of any real value and that anything that does not elevate the self is to be categorically rejected. This of course includes religion, but also all forms of morality, the widespread prevalence of divorce, and the contorted logic that allows for abortion to be argued as a woman’s exercising her absolute autonomy at the expense of a life she took part in creating willing.

   At a certain point it becomes illogical to blindly disregard even unbelievable claims because you choose not to believe. At some point the only logical thing to do is have faith in what you do not see.  Sometimes this means having faith in what others tell you even when it goes against what you want to believe.  It is true there is always a danger in allowing faith to lead you to disaster, but true faith is never blind faith.  True faith demands to be tested, indeed for faith to be true it must be born out of someplace real, real experiences, real troubles, real needs. Faith is born when prayer is answered, when we are called to step out of our comfort zone and find that despite our weakness and inability to meet the task we succeed because something outside of us, greater than us took control. This is why Christians never believe in God, we know God. This is why we need no evidence of the historical Jesus, as if his private letters could be found, or his tomb or photographs. We need none of this because we know Jesus Christ personally. This is not to say our faith is never tested or in doubt. Quite the contrary. Those things that mean the most are always the things that we question most often.  Doubt is always a companion to faith. It only becomes a problem when we allow doubt to define us.

   Faith and belief are intertwined in ways that cannot be separated. Faith without belief is blind and belief without faith is disingenuous. And here is where the atheist and the Christian alike get mired down or led down the wrong paths. For the atheist the danger is always the obstacle of belief, and the commensurate inability to see with insight and discernment. For the believer the danger is always allowing faith to become blind, and fanaticism to become their defining aspect.

   But what does it mean to believe? It is far to easy to claim belief is a child’s way of looking at the world, this confuses belief in Santa Clause, which is never more than an enjoyable venture into make believe for believing in something through informed trust. Faith then is not believing in God; faith is trusting in God so the real question the honest atheist need ask is not what would it take for them to believe, but what would it take for them to trust. And we Christians are not off the hook… We need to ask ourselves two questions; Do we believe but have no faith and has our faith become blind so that we are only going through the motions and have lost the relationship with our creator and savior, a relationship that like all requires trust. Unless the believer answers correctly then we make ourselves a model of the faith that can never be trusted because we do not ourselves trust in what we claim to have faith in.

   As I said faith and belief are intertwined and cannot be separated but we must not stop here. Faith and belief must lead us closer to a real relationship that is renewed every day.

*WW1 saw such widespread slaughter for so little reason that people were left questioning everything related to the spiritual. All sides in this great conflict were Christian after all and yet each killed with the same hungry determination, inventing not only new ways to mangle the human body and twist he human soul, but also new justifications for the ever increasing slaughter house of blood soaked battlefields.  Spiritualism and its reliance on ghost communication that had emerged as a religion of note in the early19th century, dramatically increased after the Civil War in America and saw another surge at the close of WW1, before it slowly died out, leaving behind as a legacy a keen interest in all things supernatural. But while the world of the spirit was given new scrutiny, it too was forced into pure scientific confines. Logic would solve spiritual riddles, not any spiritual sensibilities.  We see these fruits today in the popular ghost hunting programs and ever popular true haunting books.

The end of WW1 also saw a dramatic increase in Christian commitment on one hand and the slow, steady advance of militant atheism on the other. Christians tended to embrace a sort of secular, patriotic religiosity that recast Christ in terms that were civic minded. He became the Christ of Main Street, of apple pie and the desperate desire for a return to American innocence. Though mainly visible in America there were similar unfolding in Britain and to a lesser degree in continental Europe. At the other end of this was the emergence of new atheism, that grew increasingly militant, seeing religion and especially Christianity not as competing philosophical ideal but as a threat to pure, self-centered radical autonomy. To the new atheist American liberty was an absolute promise of unfettered liberty or liberty that was freed from any moral obligation. In a curious, chance way a particular speech given by Franklin D. Roosevelt gave the new atheist a new vocabulary with which to carry out the attack. In his famous speech titled the four freedoms, Roosevelt outlines a vision of war era America that was at once connected to our founding freedoms and curiously altering the promise of freedom to include freedom from want and freedom from fear. Here more than ever before we see the erosion of the US constitution and its promises of freedom by the inclusion of freedoms from certain things, in this case want and fear. It would not be long before American liberals began to define freedom not in terms of what you are entitled to possess, the right to vote, the right to assemble peacefully, etc. but what you are entitled to be free from experiencing. In the case of the new atheist and this has proven to be a lasting legacy, this came to include the freedom from religion that has been interpreted as the right not to experience any sort of public religious display or expression. Of course the only way this can be accomplished is by restricting those freedoms which are the hallmarks of American constitutional liberty. This is also the reason we see restriction on public prayer, public professions of faith, and public displays of anything apparently religious in nature.

**Dallas Willard, author of “The Divine Conspiracy” uses this same quote to illustrate the secular ages. I have adopted his idea and am here using it to illustrate how the secular age impacts the way we define faith and logic.


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